Most orthodontic problems either involve misalignments of the teeth or an incorrect relation between the jaws (the bite). The causes of these problems are most often inherited (genetics), but can also be from environmental factors (trauma, habits).
Upper Front Teeth Protrusion: Characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward.
Overbite: Refers to the lower jaw being too far behind the upper jaw.
Crossbite: When biting together (occluding), all of the upper teeth should rest on the outside of the lower teeth. If this does not occur with one or more upper teeth, it is referred to as a crossbite. If not addressed, it can cause tooth sear and misaligned jaw growth which can lead to noticeable asymmetry in the lower jaw.
Open bite: Is present if there is a visible space between the front upper and lower teeth while the back upper and lower teeth are biting together. Open bites may be caused by a number of unwanted habits, including tongue thrusting and thumb or finger habits and can impact a person’s ability to chew if not corrected.
Crowding: Crowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room in one or both jaws. Crowding can often be corrected by expansion, and with today’s technology many times, tooth removal can be avoided.
Spacing: Spacing problems may be caused by missing teeth, or they may only be a cosmetic or aesthetic issue.
Dental Midlines Deviation: Occurs when the center line of the upper and lower teeth do not line up. This may negatively impact the jaw causing temporomandibular joint issues (TMJ), improper dental function, and often times an jaw that is longer on one side (the chin may appear deviated.)
Class I Malocclusion: The misalignment of teeth with a proper molar (bite) relationship.
Class II Malocclusion: The misalignment of teeth with the upper teeth/jaws too far forward, or the lower teeth/jaws too far back.
Class III Malocclusion: The misalignment of teeth with the lower teeth/jaws too far forward, or the upper teeth/jaws too far back.
Tongue Thrust: An individual’s tongue pushes against the teeth when swallowing. The forces generated by the tongue can move the teeth and bone and may lead to an anterior or posterior open bite.